Supervision: Closely supervise the interactions between the toddler and the baby. Intervene immediately when the toddler hits the baby, and redirect their behavior.
Teaching alternatives: Teach the toddler alternative ways to express themselves, such as using words, pointing or gesturing, or using a toy instead of hitting.
Positive reinforcement: Praise and reward the toddler when they use appropriate ways to express themselves and show kindness towards the baby.
Model appropriate behavior: Children learn by example, so it's essential for parents and caregivers to model appropriate behavior and to intervene when necessary.
Consistency: Be consistent in your approach and follow through with any consequences you set for hitting the baby.
Explain the consequences: Explain to the toddler that hitting hurts and that it's not okay to hit others.
Get professional help if necessary: If the problem persists, seeking professional help may be beneficial. A child therapist or counselor can help the toddler develop healthy coping mechanisms and understand the reasons behind their aggressive behavior.
It's important to remember that toddlers are still developing their understanding of the world and may not yet have the ability to express themselves effectively.
It's essential to approach the situation with patience and guidance, providing positive reinforcement when they show kindness towards the baby.