Infant sleep-wake regulation refers to the process by which the body regulates sleep and wakefulness over the course of a 24-hour period.
Research has shown that infants who have difficulty regulating their sleep-wake patterns or who have a hard time arousing from sleep may be at increased risk of SIDS.
It is thought that the risk of SIDS may be related to abnormalities in the development and function of the brain and respiratory system, as well as the infant's ability to arouse from sleep and respond to challenges to their breathing.
Infants who have difficulty regulating their sleep-wake patterns or who have a decreased ability to respond to challenges to their breathing may be more vulnerable to SIDS.
To reduce the risk of SIDS, it is recommended that infants be placed on a firm, flat surface to sleep, such as a crib or bassinet, and that they sleep in a separate sleep environment from adults.
It is also important to avoid exposing the infant to tobacco smoke and to use light, breathable clothing and bedding.
In addition to sleep-wake regulation, it is important to be aware of other risk factors for SIDS, such as placing the infant on their stomach to sleep and using soft bedding.
By taking steps to reduce the risk of SIDS, parents can help protect the health and well-being of their infant.