To be diagnosed with ADHD, an individual must have symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that are present for at least six months and that interfere with their daily functioning.
These symptoms must also be present in at least two settings, such as at home and at school or work.
There are three subtypes of ADHD:
Inattentive type: This subtype is characterized by symptoms of inattention, such as difficulty paying attention to details, following instructions, and completing tasks.
Hyperactive-impulsive type: This subtype is characterized by symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity, such as difficulty sitting still and acting without thinking about the consequences.
Combined type: This subtype is characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
It is important to note that the subtypes of ADHD are not mutually exclusive and that individuals may have symptoms of more than one subtype.
ADHD is usually diagnosed by a mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or primary care physician.
The mental health professional will typically conduct a thorough evaluation, including a review of the individual's medical and mental health history, a physical examination, and assessments of the individual's symptoms and functioning.
It is important to recognize that ADHD is a real disorder that can significantly impact an individual's life. It is also important to understand that treatment options, including medication and behavioral therapy, can be effective in managing symptoms and improving functioning.
It is important to work with a mental health professional to determine the best treatment approach for an individual with ADHD.