Research: Before beginning the adoption process, it is important to research the laws and requirements for inter-country adoption in both Nigeria and the United States. You may want to consult with an adoption agency that specializes in inter-country adoptions from Nigeria.
Determine Eligibility: To adopt from Nigeria, you must meet certain eligibility requirements set by the Nigerian government and the U.S. government. For example, you must be at least 25 years old and have a certain level of income and resources.
Choose an Accredited Adoption Service Provider: In the United States, all inter-country adoptions must be facilitated by an accredited adoption service provider (ASP). You will need to choose an ASP that is licensed to work in Nigeria.
Apply for Approval: You will need to apply for approval from both the Nigerian government and the U.S. government to adopt a child from Nigeria. This will involve submitting documentation and completing background checks and home studies.
Identify a Child: Once you have been approved to adopt, you can begin the process of identifying a child to adopt. You may work with an adoption agency or attorney to find a child who is available for adoption in Nigeria.
Complete the Adoption Process: Once a child has been identified, you will need to complete the legal adoption process in both Nigeria and the United States. This will involve filing legal documents, attending court hearings, and completing any necessary travel.
Obtain Immigration Clearance: Once the adoption has been finalized, you will need to obtain immigration clearance for the child to enter the United States.
How to adopt a child from Nigeria to USA
Ways to adopt
Local Adoption: This involves adopting a child from within Nigeria. Prospective adoptive parents must meet certain eligibility requirements and follow legal procedures set out by the government.
Inter-country Adoption: This involves adopting a child from another country. Prospective adoptive parents must meet the eligibility requirements set out by both the Nigerian government and the country where the child is located. Inter-country adoptions are subject to international adoption laws and agreements.
Step-parent Adoption: This involves adopting a child who is the biological child of one's spouse or partner. The biological parent must give consent, and the adoption must be approved by a court.
Family Member Adoption: This involves adopting a child who is a relative, such as a niece or nephew, grandchild, or sibling. Consent must be obtained from the child's parents or legal guardian, and the adoption must be approved by a court.
Foster-to-Adopt: This involves becoming a foster parent to a child with the intent of adopting the child if parental rights are terminated or if the child becomes available for adoption.
Cases on adoption in Nigeria
Baby Fikayo: In 2013, a baby girl named Fikayo was found abandoned in a bush in Lagos State. She was eventually placed in the care of a government orphanage, and a family in the United States sought to adopt her. However, the adoption process was complicated by allegations of human trafficking, and the case generated significant media attention. Fikayo was eventually adopted by the U.S. family after a court ruling.
Baby Kehinde: In 2019, a baby girl named Kehinde was found abandoned on a roadside in Lagos State. She was eventually placed in the care of an orphanage, and a family in the United States sought to adopt her. However, the adoption was complicated by the Nigerian government's suspension of inter-country adoptions in 2014, and the case generated media attention as the U.S. family fought to bring Kehinde to the United States.
Ehi Ogbebor Adoption Controversy: In 2021, Nigerian businesswoman Ehi Ogbebor announced that she had adopted a child, sparking controversy and allegations of child trafficking. Some critics questioned the legality of the adoption, and Ogbebor faced backlash on social media. The case highlighted the need for proper legal procedures and transparency in the adoption process.
What is the process of adopting a child from a family member
Obtain Consent: The first step in adopting a child from a family member is to obtain the consent of both the child's parents, if they are both alive and have legal custody of the child. If one or both parents are deceased or their whereabouts are unknown, the consent of the legal guardian or next of kin may be required.
Apply for Adoption: Once consent has been obtained, the prospective adoptive parent can apply for adoption through the appropriate government agency or court. The application will usually require information about the prospective adoptive parent's relationship with the child, their ability to provide for the child's needs, and any other relevant information.
Home Study: A home study will typically be conducted to assess the suitability of the prospective adoptive parent's home and living conditions for the child.
Court Process: If the adoption application is approved, a court process will follow to obtain an adoption order. The prospective adoptive parent will need to attend court and provide evidence of their ability to care for the child.
Registration: After the adoption order has been granted, the prospective adoptive parent will need to register the adoption with the relevant government agency.
Child adoption in Nigeria
Eligibility: To adopt a child in Nigeria, you must be at least 25 years old and at least 21 years older than the child to be adopted. You must also be in good health and financially capable of providing for the child's needs.
Adoption Process: The adoption process in Nigeria involves several steps, including an application to the relevant authority, home study and background checks, matching with a child, and court process to obtain an adoption order.
Adoption Agencies: There are several government and private adoption agencies in Nigeria that facilitate child adoption. These agencies provide information on the adoption process, eligibility criteria, and other requirements.
Types of Adoption: There are two types of adoption in Nigeria: local adoption and inter-country adoption. Local adoption is the adoption of a child by Nigerian citizens or residents, while inter-country adoption is the adoption of a Nigerian child by foreign citizens or residents.
Legal Representation: It is advisable to seek the assistance of a legal professional who is experienced in adoption cases to guide you through the adoption process in Nigeria.
Where to adopt a child in Port Harcourt
Rivers State Ministry of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation: This government agency is responsible for facilitating child adoption in Rivers State. They provide information on the adoption process, eligibility criteria, and other requirements.
Rivers State Adoption Centre: This is a state-owned adoption agency that works with the Rivers State Ministry of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation to facilitate the adoption of children in Port Harcourt.
The Cradle: The Cradle is a non-governmental organization that provides adoption services and support to both adoptive parents and birth parents. They have a branch in Port Harcourt and can provide information on the adoption process.
Heart Menders Adoption Services: This is a private adoption agency in Port Harcourt that provides adoption services to both local and international adoptive parents.
Orphanages: There are several orphanages in Port Harcourt where you can adopt a child. However, it is important to note that not all orphanages facilitate adoptions, and it is advisable to check with the relevant authorities before proceeding.
Child Adoption process in Ogun State
Eligibility: The prospective adoptive parents must meet the eligibility criteria set by the Ogun State Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development. This includes being at least 25 years old and not more than 50 years old, being in good health, and being financially stable.
Application: The prospective adoptive parents must submit an application to the Ogun State Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development. The application should include personal information, financial information, and the reason for wanting to adopt a child.
Home Study: The Ogun State Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development will conduct a home study to assess the suitability of the prospective adoptive parents. This includes a visit to the home, interviews with the prospective parents, and background checks.
Matching: Once the prospective adoptive parents have been approved, the Ogun State Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development will match them with a child who is legally available for adoption.
Court Process: The prospective adoptive parents will file an adoption petition in court, and a hearing date will be set. During the hearing, the court will determine if the adoption is in the best interest of the child.
Post-Adoption Follow-up: The Ogun State Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development will conduct a follow-up visit to the home to ensure that the child is being cared for properly.
Cost of child adoption in Nigeria
In Nigeria, there are two types of adoption: local and international.
Local adoption refers to the adoption of a child within Nigeria, while international adoption involves adopting a child from another country.
The cost of local adoption in Nigeria can range from approximately 200,000 to 1,500,000 Nigerian Naira (equivalent to roughly $500 to $3,750 USD), depending on the adoption agency or organization and the specific circumstances of the adoption.
This cost usually includes legal fees, administrative fees, and other related expenses.
The cost of international adoption in Nigeria can vary significantly depending on the country of origin of the child, the adoption agency or organization, and other factors such as travel expenses, visa fees, and legal fees.
International adoption can cost anywhere from approximately 3,000,000 to 6,000,000 Nigerian Naira (equivalent to roughly $7,500 to $15,000 USD) or more.
It's important to note that the cost of adoption is just one of the many considerations involved in the process, and potential adoptive parents should also consider other factors such as the legal requirements, the emotional and physical demands of adoption, and the potential challenges that may arise during the adoption process.
Where to adopt babies in Nigeria
Nigerian Adoption Resource and Support Centre (NARSC): NARSC is a licensed adoption agency in Nigeria that helps connect prospective adoptive parents with children in need of a home.
The Child Adoption Network (T-CAN): T-CAN is an adoption agency that specializes in domestic adoption and works with orphanages across Nigeria.
The Nigerian Red Cross Society: The Nigerian Red Cross Society runs several orphanages across Nigeria and facilitates adoptions for children in their care.
Heart of Gold Hospice: Heart of Gold Hospice is an orphanage in Lagos that facilitates adoptions for children in their care.
Motherless Babies Homes: Motherless Babies Homes are orphanages that provide shelter and care for babies and young children who have been abandoned or orphaned.
How to adopt a baby for free
Adopting through the foster care system: Adopting a child from foster care can be less expensive than private adoption. In some cases, the state may provide financial assistance to help with the costs of caring for the child.
Adopting a child with special needs: Adopting a child with special needs can also be less expensive than adopting a healthy child. In some cases, the state may provide financial assistance to help with the costs of caring for the child.
Working with a non-profit adoption agency: Some non-profit adoption agencies may offer reduced fees for their services. It is important to do research and choose a reputable agency that can provide the support and guidance needed to navigate the adoption process.
Adopting through an open adoption: Open adoption involves maintaining contact with the birth family, which can help reduce the costs associated with legal and administrative fees.